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Volvo 240: Swedish legend on wheels

For many, this is the Volvo par excellence. Now this model series, which was produced between 1974 and 1993, is 50 years old.

Leto 1974 was for Sweden special: ABBA she won the song contest Eurovision and thus began to conquer the world music charts. Volvo and presented a new series of models 240. At the time, no one could have predicted that they would be like this ABBA as a Volvo 204 became long-lasting hits. In the year of the launch of the new model series, the Swedish manufacturer presented three versions for the first time: a two-door sedan Volvo 242, a four-door sedan Volvo 244 and a five-door hatchback Volvo 245.

Safety before design

These models are a consistent upgrade of the series Volvo 140. The new design line was inspired by the study Volvo VESC. From this safety concept vehicle from 1972 the 240 model took over convex, striking front part and big, massive bumpers. Depending on the version, the new Volvo is long from 4.785 to 4.898 mm, and its center distance is 2.640 mm.

Sequence of numbers in the type tag Volvo 242 means four cylinders in two doors; this body version was produced between years 1974 in 1984. A four-door sedan was available under the name Volvo 244 (four cylinders, four doors) between the years 1974 in 1993, hatchback Volvo 245 (four cylinders, five doors) and med in 1974 and 1993.

A four-door sedan with a prestigious six-cylinder engine between the years 1974 in 1982 sold as Volvo 264 (six cylinders, four doors). From year 1975 to 1977 was also available in some markets two-door sedan with a six-cylinder engine under the name 262 (six cylinders, two doors). The station wagon with a six-cylinder engine was in the program from 1975 to 1985 as Volvo 265 (six cylinders, five doors). For the model year 1983 different models were given new names: The four-cylinder models were renamed to Volvo 240, and the 265 model into the Volvo 260, while it is Volvo 262C, a two-door six-cylinder coupe with an unconventional design, strengthened Volvo's reputation as a premium brand between 1977 and 1981.

Volvo continues to maintain its own leading position one of the most innovative producers in the area of ​​safety by introducing a steering column with several predefined turning points and placing the fuel tank in a protected location in front of the rear axle. Volvo 240 was actually considered to be at its premiere the safest vehicle in the world with the best passenger protection. In 1976, the US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) series Volvo 240 even chose for reference vehicle for safety research. This honor was restored in 1991. New series models 240 are undercarriage with brackets McPherson and four-cylinder engines with overhead camshafts. The famous four-cylinder B20 engine will initially remain on offer for base versions.

Po two-door sedans is still in demand, especially on the Nordic market, so it is logical that Volvo also included in its sales program Volvo 242. While the four-door sedan and hatchback broke all production records and were produced until the year 1993, production of the Volvo 242 ended in 1984 – as was originally planned for all models in the series.

Success in motorsport

V to a ten-year-old the production period is Volvo the 242 model was offered with many engine and transmission variants. Sport versions of the Volvo 242 GT from the end of the seventies and Volvo 240 Turbo, which was only available in North America, are particularly stunning. It only develops more power motor sport version Volvo 242 with 243 kW (330 KM) and a maximum speed of 260 km/h. The driver Thomas Lindström in Gianfranco Brancatelli won the European Touring Car Championship in 1985 with this car.

For a short time it was possible Volvo 244 / 264 also order with V6 petrol engine. However, another six-cylinder engine became extremely popular: the world's first diesel engine with six cylinders for use in passenger cars. Thus, the Volvo 240 models from 1979 were the first Volvo passenger cars with a diesel engine. A diesel engine, internally known as D24, was developed in collaboration with Volkswagen. In some markets, it was available instead five-cylinder diesel engine.

Volvo he initially assumed the family would be driving Volvo 240 in production until the early eighties. However, it is a model series exceeded all expectations and in almost to a 20-year-old production period became legend. Two major renovations in years 1981 in 1986 were enough to ensure her eternal youth, for they Swedes between the years 1974 in 1993 together produced more than 2,8 million units series 240/260. Best seller body version was four-door sedan Volvo 244/240 with slightly less than 1,5 million units.

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